Prosthodontics

Complete Dentures

img_dentureDentures are artificial substitutes used to replace all or some of the lost teeth and adjoining tissues to maintain function, health and esthetics of the tissues. So in simple words dentures help to replace lost teeth.

A complete denture is a dental prosthesis that replaces all the teeth and contiguous oral tissues in order to help restore the function, health and the appearance of the patient. Complete dentures can be made for the lost upper and the lower teeth.

Under certain circumstances only the upper or the lower denture is made and this is called a single denture.

Complete dentures fabricated before the extraction of the teeth and inserted soon after the extraction are called immediate complete dentures.

All dentures are made of a denture base and teeth. The denture base is usually made of acrylic resin, which is usually colored pink to resemble the oral gum tissues.

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The teeth are made of acrylic resins, which is the most preferred. Teeth are available in various sizes, forms and colors to suit the needs of the patients.

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Immediate Dentures

img_cosmeticAn immediate denture is constructed before teeth are removed from the patient’s mouth so that the patient doesn’t have to move around with out teeth till the final denture is ready. Constructing immediate dentures involves taking impressions (making copies) of your mouth before the teeth are removed. When your remaining teeth are removed the denture can be inserted immediately.

Because the denture is placed over the new extraction sites it will actually prevent swelling. The denture should not be removed for 24 hours and only by the dentist the day after you receive your new denture.

Post operative visits will be required to check the extraction sites and make required adjustments to the dentures.

Because the mouth will change after it heals, your dentures will need to be evaluated at 3 month intervals and will need to reline to fit the changes that have occurred in your mouth.

Crown & Bridge

img_crownCrownsand bridges are fixed prosthetic devices. Unlike removable devices such as dentures, which you can take out and clean daily, crowns and bridges are cemented onto existing teeth or implants, and can only be removed by a dentist.

How do Crowns Work?
A crown is used to entirely cover or “cap” a damaged tooth. Besides strengthening a damaged tooth, a crown can be used to improve its appearance, shape or alignment. A crown can also be placed on top of an implant to provide a tooth-like shape and structure for function. Porcelain or ceramic crowns can be matched to the color of your natural teeth.  Porcelain bonded to a metal shell is often used for posterior teeth because it is both strong and attractive.

Indications to do Crown
Replace a large filling when there isn’t enough tooth remaining. Protect a weak tooth from fracturing. Restore a fractured tooth Attach a bridge. Cover a discolored or poorly shaped tooth. Cover a tooth that has had root canal treatment.

How do Bridges Work?
patients and order prednisone canada doctors lined up to testify on the proposed lyme and related tick-borne disease education, prevention and order A bridge may be recommended if you’re missing one or more teeth. Gaps left by missing teeth eventually cause the remaining teeth to rotate or shift into the empty spaces, resulting in a bad bite. The imbalance caused by missing teeth can also lead to gum disease and tempromandibular joint disorders.

Bridges are commonly used to replace one or more missing teeth. They span the space where the teeth are missing. Bridges are cemented to the natural teeth or implants surrounding the empty space. These teeth, called abutments, serve as anchors for the bridge. A replacement tooth, called a pontic, is attached to the crowns that cover the abutments. As with crowns, you have a choice of materials for bridges, based on the location of the missing tooth (or teeth), its function, aesthetic considerations and cost. Porcelain or ceramic bridges can be matched to the color of your natural teeth.

Valplast Partial Dentures

img_valplastValplast partial dentures are gradually replacing the conventional metal dentures. Today dentists are prescribing flexible material for removable partial dentures (RPDs) because it makes a better, stronger appliance faster. Flexible material reduces chair time, eliminates invasive procedures and the cumbersome materials associated with rigid partials. In short, there is no longer any need for metal.

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The material in flexible partials is perfectly suited to the variety of natural conditions in the mouth. It simplifies the design and enables the RPD itself to balance the simultaneous requirements of retention, support and stability. The choice of a Valplast partial avoids the placement of metal in the patient’s mouth satisfying the patient’s interest in metal-free dentistry.